Flatcar Linux quick start¶
If you don't have a Flatcar Linux machine running, check out the guides on running Flatcar Linux on most cloud providers (EC2, Azure, GCE), virtualization platforms (Vagrant, VMware, QEMU/KVM) and bare metal servers (PXE, iPXE, ISO, Installer). With any of these guides you will have machines up and running in a few minutes.
It's highly recommended that you set up a cluster of at least 3 machines — it's not as much fun on a single machine. If you don't want to break the bank, Vagrant allows you to run an entire cluster on your laptop. For a cluster to be properly bootstrapped, you have to provide ideally an Ignition config (generated from a Container Linux Config), or possibly a cloud-config, via user-data, which is covered in each platform's guide.
Flatcar Linux gives you three essential tools: service discovery, container management and process management. Let's try each of them out.
First, on the client start your user agent by typing:
Then, add your private key to the agent by typing:
Connect to a Flatcar Linux machine via SSH as the user
core. For example, on Amazon, use:
$ ssh -A firstname.lastname@example.org Flatcar Linux (beta)
-A forwards your ssh-agent to the machine.
If you're using Vagrant, you'll need to connect a bit differently:
$ ssh-add ~/.vagrant.d/insecure_private_key Identity added: /Users/core/.vagrant.d/insecure_private_key (/Users/core/.vagrant.d/insecure_private_key) $ vagrant ssh core-01 -- -A Flatcar Linux (beta)
Service discovery with etcd¶
The first building block of Flatcar Linux is service discovery with etcd (docs). Data stored in etcd is distributed across all of your machines running Flatcar Linux. For example, each of your app containers can announce itself to a proxy container, which would automatically know which machines should receive traffic. Building service discovery into your application allows you to add more machines and scale your services seamlessly.
A good starting point for a Container Linux Config would be something like:
etcd: discovery: https://discovery.etcd.io/<token> passwd: users: - name: core ssh_authorized_keys: - ssh-rsa AAAA...
In order to get the discovery token, visit https://discovery.etcd.io/new and you will receive a URL including your token. Paste the whole thing into your Container Linux Config file.
etcdctl is a command line interface to etcd that is preinstalled on Flatcar Linux. To set and retrieve a key from etcd you can use the following examples:
Set a key
message with value
etcdctl set /message "Hello world"
Read the value of
etcdctl get /message
You can also use simple
curl. These examples correspond to previous ones:
Set the value:
curl -L http://127.0.0.1:2379/v2/keys/message -XPUT -d value="Hello world"
Read the value:
curl -L http://127.0.0.1:2379/v2/keys/message
If you followed a guide to set up more than one Flatcar Linux machine, you can SSH into another machine and can retrieve this same value.
More detailed information¶
Container management with Docker¶
The second building block, Docker (docs), is where your applications and code run. It is installed on each Flatcar Linux machine. You should make each of your services (web server, caching, database) into a container and connect them together by reading and writing to etcd. You can quickly try out a minimal busybox container in two different ways:
Run a command in the container and then stop it:
docker run busybox /bin/echo hello world
Open a shell prompt inside the container:
docker run -i -t busybox /bin/sh